The preparation of financial statements in conformity with regulations in force and generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the valuation of assets and liabilities and reported amounts of revenues and expenses. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing at the date of the transaction. At the end of the reporting period balances in foreign currencies are translated using the exchange rate prevailing at the end of the reporting period. Derivatives are recognized at market values and changes in market values are recognized in the income statement.
Net sales are defined as invoiced amount less indirect taxes, rebates and exchange rate differences related to sales. Revenue is recognized when all significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer, i.e. when a product has been delivered to the client in accordance with the terms of delivery. Royalty income from trademarks held by Fiskars Corporation is recorded as net sales.
Lease payments are expensed as incurred. Future leasing payment obligations are reported as contingent liabilities. Rent income, when the company acts as a lessor, is recorded as net sales.
The retirement plans for the Finnish companies' employees are funded through payments to independent insurance companies.
Group contributions, merger losses and gains, as well as liquidation losses and gains, are reported in extraordinary income and expenses.
Income taxes consist of the aggregate current tax expense based on the Finnish tax rules and adjustments to prior year taxes. Parent company does not account for deferred taxes as a stand-alone entity.
Tangible and intangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation according to plan. Certain land holdings have been revalued.
Revaluations are based on market values at time of the revaluation. Revaluation reserves are adjusted for decreases in the market value of land holdings. When revalued real estate is sold, the respective share in the revaluation reserve is transferred to retained earnings.
Tangible and intangible assets are depreciated and amortized over their expected useful lives. The following expected useful lives are applied:
Investments in subsidiaries are stated in the balance sheet at cost or at net realizable value if the net realizable value is significantly and permanently impaired. An impairment loss may be reversed until the original acquisition cost, when the value of the investment has been restored.
Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes both direct and indirect costs. Cost is determined on a first-in first-out (FIFO) basis. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.
Receivables are valued at the lower of original and recoverable value.
Provisions consist of reserves for future losses to which the Company is committed or that are perceived probable.
Appropriations in the parent company balance sheet consist of depreciation in excess of plan.